Terms and Conditions of Equipment Sale
1.1 In these Sale Conditions: “Equipment” means hardware, equipment, other tangible
items, machinery and parts (or any of them) and consists of Standard Equipment and
Non-standard Equipment, “Standard Equipment” means Equipment described in
published catalogues, “Non-standard Equipment” means other Equipment adapted or
made to Buyer’s requirement, references to “Buyer” shall mean the party buying
Equipment and shall include, if the context so permits, its agents or sub-contractors and
references to “Seller” shall mean VABS Limited and “Purchase Order” shall mean an order
for Equipment placed on Seller by Buyer.
1.2 These Sale Conditions apply to and are deemed to be incorporated in all contracts for
Equipment and, save where Seller and Buyer have agreed to specific terms, shall apply to
and prevail over all conditions (if any) endorsed on, delivered with or contained in Buyer’s
purchase terms, or any Purchase Order, acceptance or acknowledgement of these Sale
Conditions, specifications or similar documents. Seller’s Terms and Conditions of
Equipment Service apply to all contracts for services.
1.3 No modification to these Sale Conditions or representations about the Equipment shall
be valid unless in writing and duly signed by a person authorised by Seller.
1.4 These Sale Conditions shall not be supplemented by any trade usage or any course of
prior dealings or acquiescence in any course of performance.
2. OFFER AND ACCEPTANCE
2.1 All Purchase Orders are subject to acceptance by Seller. Seller reserves the right to
accept or reject any Purchase Order in whole or in part and to submit counter-offers
consisting of additional or different terms and conditions, including those contained in
these Sale Conditions, (“Counter-offer”) to Buyer.
2.2 Acceptance of a Purchase Order will normally be advised by Seller within thirty (30)
days of receipt. No obligation shall be binding on Seller unless and until the Purchase
Order is accepted by Seller in writing or, if earlier, Equipment is supplied to Buyer.
2.3 Any acceptance by Seller of a Purchase Order is made conditional upon Buyer’s
acceptance of any Counter-offer. Buyer may accept a Counter-offer by written
acknowledgement, acceptance of, or payment for, Equipment or in any other fashion.
Buyer shall be deemed to have accepted any Counter-offer unless Buyer rejects such in
writing within ten (10) days of Buyer’s receipt of the Counter-offer.
2.4 The acceptance by Buyer of a Counter-offer shall revoke any provision in the Purchase
Order or other Buyer documentation that purports to limit or restrict any such acceptance.
Buyer agrees that Seller’s failure to object specifically to any such terms or conditions shall
not constitute an acceptance by Seller thereof nor shall it constitute an acceptance by
Seller of any waiver of, or modification to, these Sale Conditions.
2.5 Once accepted the Purchase Order or the Counter-offer and, in either case, these Sale
Conditions shall constitute the contract (“Contract”) between Buyer and Seller for
3. PRICE QUOTATIONS
3.1 Prices quoted for (a) Standard Equipment remain valid for thirty (30) days unless
otherwise specified; and (b) Non-standard Equipment are estimates and may be
increased without notice in the event of increases in Seller’s costs of: (i) transport, labour
and materials; (ii) handling of, and compliance with laws and regulations concerning
hazardous materials; (iii) handling, delivery and shipping; (iv) energy or fuel; and/or (v) any
other costs of supply or of Seller’s performance arising between the time of quotation and
the time of supply.
3.2 Prices quoted are exclusive of all applicable taxes, including but not limited to, any
value added tax, Federal, state and/or municipal excise, sales and/or use taxes, levies
and duties of any nature whatsoever (“Taxes”) applicable to the Equipment.
3.3 All Taxes shall be paid by Buyer unless Buyer provides Seller with an exemption
certificate acceptable to the relevant taxing authority.
4.INSPECTION AND TESTING
4.1 All Equipment is inspected by Seller before supply to Buyer and tested where
4.2 An additional charge will be made for tests or trial runs carried out at Buyer’s request.
In the event that Buyer does not attend such tests, after fourteen (14) days’ notice, Seller
will perform the tests and the Equipment will be deemed accepted in Buyer’s absence.
5.1 Any dates specified by Seller for the delivery of Equipment are intended to be
estimates only. However, Seller will use reasonable efforts to supply Equipment within the
time requested in the Purchase Order and in any event within a reasonable period.
Subject to the other provisions of these Sale Conditions, Seller will not be liable for any
losses, costs, damages, charges or expenses caused directly or indirectly by any delay in
the delivery of the Equipment (even if caused by Seller’s negligence) and nor will any delay
entitle Buyer to terminate or rescind the Contract, unless such delay exceeds 30 days.
5.2 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, all shipments shall be made Ex-Works (as defined
in Incoterms 2000) Seller’s production and/or distribution facilities as may be specified by
Seller from time to time. If other delivery arrangements are agreed, Seller may, at Buyer’s
request and expense, arrange carriage and insure Equipment against normal transit risks
to the value of the purchase price. Risk of damage to or loss of Equipment shall pass to
Buyer on collection from Sellers’ works. Buyer shall indemnify and hold Seller harmless
against all loss of, or damage to, Equipment from whatsoever cause occurring.
5.3 If Seller arranges transportation of Equipment for Buyer, in the event of loss of, or
damage to, Equipment, whether or not caused by Seller’s or its chosen carrier’s
negligence or that of any other person, Seller’s liability shall be limited to passing on to
Buyer the benefit of insurance.
5.4 Buyer will supply Seller with delivery instructions promptly on notification to Buyer that
Equipment is ready for shipment. If appropriate delivery instructions, documents, licences
or authorisations are not received or if Buyer requests for a shipment to be postponed for
more than ten (10) days after the date Buyer is notified that the Equipment is ready for
shipment, Seller shall be entitled to make arrangements for storage of the Equipment at
Buyer’s risk and expense and to charge Buyer accordingly. In such case, Seller’s
obligation to deliver the Equipment will be deemed satisfied and Buyer will become
responsible for the risk of loss of or damage to the Equipment and for paying the
5.5 Equipment will be supplied as available, unless Buyer specifically requests “one
consignment”. Each shipment shall be considered a separate and independent
transaction. These Sale Conditions shall apply separately for each shipment and Seller
shall have the right to separately invoice Buyer after each such partial shipment without
regard to subsequent deliveries. Delay in delivery of any instalment shall not relieve Buyer
of its obligations to accept remaining deliveries.
5.6 Seller may suspend shipment of any unfulfilled Contract in the event of any act or
omission on the part of Buyer or if Buyer is in material breach of Buyer’s obligations under
5.7 All Equipment supplied to the destination notified by Buyer will be deemed accepted
unless Buyer promptly notifies Seller in writing that it is not in compliance with the Contract
or specification. Damaged Equipment and packaging must be kept for inspection by Seller
and/or the carrier.
5.8 Seller may modify the specification of Equipment without notice provided that the
modification will not materially affect the performance, form or fit of the affected
5.9 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, installation and commissioning is not included in
the purchase price for the Equipment.
6.1 All amounts are stated and payments are to be made in New Zealand Dollars (NZD)
unless otherwise agreed in writing.
6.2 If Buyer specifies a currency other than New Zealand Dollars (NZD), Seller reserves the
right to amend the quoted price by any amount to cover movements in the exchange rate
between the currency of the quotation and New Zealand Dollars (NZD) arising between
the time of quotation and acceptance of the Purchase Order.
6.3 Full payment, without any deduction whether by way of set-off, counterclaim,
discount, abatement or otherwise unless Buyer has a valid court order requiring an
amount equal to such deduction to be paid by Seller to Buyer, must be made to Seller
within 20th month following the date of invoice, unless otherwise agreed in writing.
Invoices will normally be issued on the date of delivery of the Equipment Ex Works or on
the date on which Buyer becomes responsible for the risk of loss of, or damage to,
uncollected Equipment. Invoice disputes must be raised by Buyer to Seller within fifteen
(15) days from date of invoice. If no dispute is raised within such fifteen (15) day period the
invoice shall be considered to be accepted by Buyer.
6.4 Time for payment shall be of the essence.
6.5 All Purchase Orders are subject to credit approval before shipment. If, in Seller’s
judgement, Buyer’s financial condition does not, at any time, justify payment terms as
previously specified, Seller may cancel or suspend any unfulfilled Contract. In such
circumstances Seller may permit Buyer, upon written notice, immediately to pay for any
Equipment to be shipped.
6.7 If, despite any default by Buyer, Seller elects to continue to make shipments of
Equipment, Seller’s action in so doing shall not constitute Seller’s waiver of any default by
Buyer or in any way prejudice Seller’s legal remedies for such default.
7. RETENTION OF TITLE
7.1 Equipment shall remain Seller’s property until Buyer has made full and unconditional
payment to Seller of all sums due to it in respect of the Equipment.
7.2 Until payment in full by Buyer, Equipment shall be held by Buyer as bailee for Seller
and will be kept (at no cost to Seller) separately from all other goods of Buyer or any third
party in such a way that they remain readily identifiable as Seller’s property and Buyer
shall not destroy, deface or obscure any identifying mark or packaging on or relating to
7.3 If payment becomes overdue, or on the occurrence of any termination event referred
to in Condition 13 below, Seller may, where permitted by law and after giving notice to
Buyer, enter upon any premises in Buyer’s control where Seller reasonably believes
Equipment to be, or otherwise take action, to recover Equipment.
7.4 Prior to full payment of the purchase price, Buyer shall maintain the Equipment in
satisfactory condition and keep insured Equipment shipped to Buyer by Seller under
policies with such provisions, for such amounts and with such insurers as shall be
satisfactory to Seller and shall hold the proceeds of the insurance in trust for Seller and not
mix them with any other money, nor pay the proceeds into an overdrawn bank account.
8. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
8.1 Seller shall retain all right, title and interest in and to, and possession of, any know
how, technical information, drawings, specifications or documents, ideas, concepts,
methods, processes, techniques and inventions developed or created by or on behalf of
Seller and supplied by Seller under any Contract. All such information shall be kept
confidential by Buyer and shall not be disclosed to any third party unless and until the
same is or becomes public knowledge nor shall any such information be used by Buyer
for any purpose other than for the purpose of using the Equipment without Seller’s prior
8.2 Ownership is retained by Seller of any patent, copyright, trade secret, design right or
other intellectual property right in or relating to the Equipment and Buyer shall acquire no
rights in or over such intellectual property rights save as expressly set out herein including,
but not limited to, any technical information, know how, drawings and specifications
supplied by Seller or relating to Equipment.
8.3 Seller’s trademarks and names and those of its associated companies shall not be
used otherwise than as applied by Seller to Equipment or associated documentation.
9.1 Seller hereby undertakes to repair or replace at Seller’s option, or to arrange repair or
replacement by Seller’s representative of, any Equipment supplied to Buyer if a defect in
materials or workmanship arises under conditions of normal and proper use and
maintenance (fair wear and tear, and consumables excepted) provided that:
a) the Equipment was purchased and used for a purpose for which it was suitable, was
operated and maintained in accordance with the operating instructions, and was not
used in a way which was unsuitable;
b) the claim is first notified promptly in writing to Seller;
c) unless otherwise agreed, or specified by Seller, in writing, the defect occurs within
twelve months from the date of shipment of the Equipment;
d) the Equipment has not been repaired or modified by anyone other than Seller or at
e) in the case of Equipment or parts not of Seller’s own manufacture, unless otherwise
required by law, Seller’s responsibility shall be limited to passing on to Buyer the benefit of
any guarantee or warranty given to Seller by the manufacturer of such Equipment or part;
f) in the case of a replacement, Buyer returns, at its cost, the defective Equipment, which is
being or has been replaced, to Seller within ten (10) days of delivery of the replacement
Equipment by Seller.
g) The defect does not arise from Buyer’s specification or instructions; and
h) Buyer has paid the purchase price for the Equipment in full.
9.2 Any repaired or replaced Equipment will continue to be warranted for the unexpired
period of the warranty referred to in Condition 9.1 above.
9.3 Seller may charge Buyer for the costs of shipping Equipment to and from a VABS
Service Centre if the Equipment to be repaired or replaced is located in a country in which
VABS does not have a Service Centre.
9.4 Failing satisfactory repair or replacement, Seller may satisfy Seller’s liability under this
Condition 9 by reducing the purchase price or refunding the purchase price and retaking
10. LIABILITY AND INDEMNIFICATION
10.1 SUBJECT TO CONDITION 9, THE FOLLOWING PROVISIONS SET OUT THE ENTIRE LIABILITY
OF SELLER (INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY FOR THE ACTS OR OMISSIONS OF ITS EMPLOYEES,
AGENTS, OR SUBCONTRACTORS) TO BUYER IN RESPECT OF:
(A) ANY BREACH OF THESE SALE CONDITIONS; OR
(B) ANY REPRESENTATION, STATEMENT OR TORTIOUS ACT OF OMISSION INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE ARISING UNDER OR IN CONNECTION WITH THESE SALE CONDITIONS.
10.2 NOTHING IN THESE SALE CONDITIONS EXCLUDES OR LIMITS THE LIABILITY OF SELLER
(A) DEATH OR PERSONAL INJURY CAUSED BY SELLER’S NEGLIGENCE OR FRAUDULENT
(B) PHYSICAL DAMAGE TO PROPERTY TO THE EXTENT THAT IT RESULTS FROM BREACH OF
CONTRACT OR SELLER’S NEGLIGENCE IN CONNECTION WITH THE PERFORMANCE OF THE
CONTRACT, SUBJECT TO AN OVERALL LIMIT OF THE AMOUNT RECEIVED BY SELLER FROM
BUYER UNDER THE CONTRACT.
10.3 SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS 9.5 AND 10.2;
(A) SELLER SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY IN:
(ii) TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR BREACH OF STATUTORY DUTY);
OR OTHERWISE ARISING IN CONNECTION WITH THE PERFORMANCE OR CONTEMPLATED
PERFORMANCE OF THESE SALE CONDITIONS; AND
(B) SELLER SHALL NOT BE LIABLE TO BUYER FOR:
(I) PERSONAL INJURY (SO FAR AS NOT CAUSED BY SELLER’S NEGLIGENCE);
(II) DAMAGE TO TANGIBLE PROPERTY (SO FAR AS NOT CAUSED BY SELLER’S NEGLIGENCE);
(III) PURE ECONOMIC LOSS;
(IV) LOSS OF PROFIT;
(V) LOSS OF BUSINESS;
(VI) DEPLETION OF GOOD WILL;
OR OTHERWISE, IN EACH CASE WHETHER DIRECT, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL, OR ANY
CLAIMS FOR CONSEQUENTIAL COMPENSATION WHATSOEVER (HOWSOEVER CAUSED)
WHICH ARISE OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THESE SALE CONDITIONS.
10.4 NO ACTION OR SUIT SHALL BE BROUGHT BY BUYER AGAINST SELLER FOR DAMAGES
ARISING OUT OF THE PURCHASE, MANUFACTURE, USE, DELIVERY (INCLUDING LATE
DELIVERY), OR TRANSPORTATION OF EQUIPMENT, WHETHER SUCH SUIT OR ACTION IS FOR
BREACH OF CONTRACT, BREACH OF WARRANTY, TORT OR OTHERWISE, UNLESS SUCH
ACTION IS COMMENCED WITHIN ONE YEAR AFTER THE CAUSE OF ACTION HAS ACCRUED.
NO SUIT, ACTION OR CLAIM SHALL BE MADE OR FILED AGAINST SELLER BY BUYER UNLESS
BUYER HAS PAID AT THE TIME THE CLAIM IS MADE, OR THE SUIT OR ACTION IS FILED, THE
ENTIRE PURCHASE PRICE OR ALL INSTALLMENTS THEREON, IN STRICT ACCORDANCE WITH
THE TERMS OF THESE SALE CONDITIONS, AND FAILURE TO MAKE SUCH PAYMENT SHALL BE
AN ABSOLUTE DEFENCE TO ANY SUCH SUIT, ACTION OR CLAIM. IF BUYER FAILS TO
PERFORM ANY OF ITS OBLIGATIONS PURSUANT TO THESE SALE CONDITIONS, BUYER SHALL
PAY SELLER ALL COSTS AND EXPENSES INCURRED BY SELLER, INCLUDING ALL ATTORNEY’S
FEES, IN ENFORCING SELLER’S RIGHTS RELATING TO SUCH OBLIGATION, WHETHER BY
FORMAL PROCEEDINGS OR OTHERWISE, IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER REMEDY AVAILABLE
10.5 SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS 9, 10.2 AND 10.3 BUYER WILL INDEMNIFY AND KEEP
INDEMNIFIED SELLER FROM AND AGAINST ANY COSTS, CLAIMS, DEMANDS, LIABILITIES,
DAMAGES OR LOSSES AND ALL INTEREST, PENALTIES AND LEGAL AND OTHER
PROFESSIONAL COSTS AND EXPENSES ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH BUYER’S
USE OF EQUIPMENT OR BUYER SUPPLYING EQUIPMENT TO ANY PARTY WHO IS NOT A
PARTY TO THESE SALE CONDITIONS AND THE EQUIPMENT’S SUBSEQUENT USE. THIS
INDEMNITY SHALL COVER (BUT IS NOT LIMITED TO) SELLER’S LIABILITY TO THIRD PARTIES
ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR SALE OF THE EQUIPMENT, EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT CAUSED BY
10.6 Buyer shall use its best endeavours to ensure that in any agreement for the resale of
Equipment which is the subject of these Sale Conditions, a clause is included which
protects Seller from claims from Buyer’s customer and that Buyer obtains an indemnity
from Buyer’s customer in favour of Seller in substantially the same and, in any event, no
less protective form, than Condition 10 governs Seller’s relationship with Buyer. Buyer shall
indemnify Seller against all costs, claims, demands, liabilities, expenses, damages or
losses arising out of or in connection with any failure by Buyer to include such a clause.
11. FORCE MAJEURE
11.1 Neither Buyer nor Seller shall be liable for failures in performance, including delay or
non-shipment, resulting from acts or events beyond its reasonable control.
11.2 Such acts or events shall include, but shall not be limited to, acts of God, civil or
military authority, civil disturbance, fire, strikes, lockouts or slowdowns, factory or labour
conditions, inability to obtain necessary labour, materials or manufacturing facilities,
delayed issuance of export control licences, or other “force majeure” events beyond the
reasonable control of the non-performing party.
11.3 In the event of such delay, the date of shipment shall, at the request of Seller, be
deferred for a period equal to the time lost by reason of the delay and otherwise for a
12.1 No Contract may be cancelled or altered by Buyer except upon terms and conditions
acceptable to Seller.
12.2 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, should Buyer cancel any Contract, Buyer shall be
liable for the costs of all work done and materials purchased or provided up to the time of
cancellation plus a charge for overhead and loss of profit. If Equipment has been shipped
to Buyer, Buyer shall return the Equipment, at Buyer’s expense, to Seller in the same
condition as shipped.
13.1 If Buyer commits any act of bankruptcy or, being a company, has a receiver
appointed or an administration order made against it or goes into liquidation or if a
similar event occurs under applicable insolvency laws (except for the purpose of
reconstruction or amalgamation) then all sums due to Seller under the Contract shall
immediately become due and payable and Seller may, notwithstanding any previous
waiver, terminate the Contract forthwith by written notice.
13.2 Seller may terminate the Contract on seven (7) days’ prior written notice to Buyer in
the event of a failure by Buyer to comply with any material provision of these Sale
Conditions, if the failure continues for more than fourteen (14) days after Buyer has been
given written notice of such failure.
13.3 If Buyer fails to pay the purchase price within 20th month following the date of invoice
or Buyer fails to collect Equipment within thirty (30) days of Seller’s notice, Seller shall be
entitled, without prejudice to its other rights, to terminate the Contract and to dispose of
13.4 Termination shall be without prejudice to any prior right of either party.
14.1 Buyer may neither assign nor transfer its rights under the Contract, by operation of
law or otherwise, without the prior written consent of Seller. Seller’s affiliated companies
may participate in Seller’s performance under these Sale Conditions, and Seller shall have
the right to sub-contract its obligations under these Sale Conditions provided that Seller
shall remain liable to Buyer for Seller’s obligations under these Sale Conditions.
14.2 Save as expressly provided; no term or provision of these Sale Conditions shall be
enforceable by a third party (being any person other than the parties and their permitted
successors and assignees).
14.3 In the event that any term or provision of these Sale Conditions is declared null and
void or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, the remainder of the
provisions of these Sale Conditions shall remain in full force and effect to the fullest extent
permitted by applicable law.
14.4 The Contract and these Sale Conditions constitute the entire agreement between
Seller and Buyer relating to the purchase and sale of Equipment. These Sale Conditions
shall inure to the benefit of and shall be binding upon Seller and Buyer and their
respective successors and assigns, including any entity with which either party may
merge or consolidate or to whom either party may transfer assets comprising the
14.5 Seller and Buyer each acknowledge that they have read and understand the terms
and provisions of these Sale Conditions and have had an opportunity to have the same
reviewed by an attorney of their choice.
14.6 Buyer represents that the person placing the Purchase Order and accepting any
Counter-offer on Buyer’s behalf has the full authority to do so.
14.7 No waiver by either party of any breach of any of these Sale Conditions by the other
party shall be deemed to constitute a waiver of any other breach nor shall any delay or
omission on the part of either party to exercise or avail itself of any right or remedy
hereunder operate as a waiver thereof. A waiver given by a party hereunder shall be
binding upon such party only if in writing and signed by such party.
14.8 Nothing contained in these Sale Conditions shall be deemed to require Seller to take
any action that would constitute, directly or indirectly, a violation of any laws of any
applicable jurisdiction, and Seller’s failure to take any such action shall not be deemed a
14.9 All drawings, descriptive matter, technical specifications, capacities, performance
rates, descriptions and other particulars given in respect of any Equipment (whether in
catalogues or advertisements or accompanying or referred to in the Contract) are stated
by Seller in good faith based on Seller’s experience as being correct within acceptable
tolerances but are not binding in detail and do not form part of the Contract unless
specifically stated to do so. In the absence of any special arrangements to the contrary, it
is Buyer’s responsibility to ensure that Equipment ordered is sufficient and suitable for
14.10 Buyer hereby acknowledges that relevant safety and training literature relating to the
Equipment will be supplied by Seller to Buyer free of charge and may be photocopied by
Buyer as required. Buyer shall be fully responsible for the implementation of the contents
of all safety and training literature provided to Buyer by Seller. Buyer shall ensure that
persons, who use, maintain or otherwise handle Equipment receive adequate safety and
training literature. Copies of Safety literature are available upon request from Seller free of
charge, and may be photocopied by Buyer as required.
15. GOVERNING LAW AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION
15.1 The Contract shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of New
15.2 Buyer and Seller agree that the courts of New Zealand shall have the exclusive
jurisdiction to settle any disputes which may arise in connection with the Contract.
15.3 Seller shall have the option to bring suit before the Courts of the domicile of Buyer
when the claim is for or related to payments due from Buyer.